Posted by: missionventureministries | September 19, 2011

John 2:1-11 – MIRACLE AT CANA

“What Jesus did here in Cana of Galilee was the first of the signs through which He revealed His glory; and His disciples believed in Him.” –  John 2:11

We read in John 1:1-5 that: “In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. He was in the beginning with God. All things came into being through Him, and apart from Him nothing came into being that has come into being. In Him was life, and the life was the Light of men. The Light shines in the darkness, and the darkness did not comprehend it.” 

Jesus Christ was the Word and He is God that came to this earth to reveal the Father to us and to save us from eternal damnation. Jesus is the one that gives us everlasting life and He is the Light of men. 

In researching the meaning of the Hebrew word “wine” in the Old Testament, most of us do not realize that there are twelve different words to translate the word “wine” know to us as a fermented alcoholic beverage. We need to realize that 6 words are referred to as grape juice or freshly pressed juice in the Hebrew language including Yayin Mi-gat and 6 are referred to alcoholic beverage including Yayin Yashan or Noshan. When the New Testament was written in Greek, the word used for wine was Oinos and was a generic term used for fresh grape juice as well as the alcoholic kind. This resulted in fresh grape juice, fruit of the vine, new wine, (non-alcoholic) as well as wine (alcoholic), strong drink, etc. being translated as wine and no distinction was made between the non-alcoholic and the alcoholic meaning of the word. 

When we read about Jesus’ first miracle at the wedding feast in Cana we immediately assume that the water He turned into wine was of the alcoholic kind, but as we search the Scriptures like the Bereans did, we will see that “they received the word with great eagerness, examining the Scriptures daily to see whether these things were so.” Acts 17:11 

As we read in Proverbs 31:4-5 it states: “It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine, or for rulers to desire strong drink, for they will drink and forget what is decreed, and pervert the rights of all the afflicted.” We need to realize that it is our Lord the King of kings that said this since all Scripture is inspired by God (2 Timothy 3:16), so how can we assume that He would produce a fermented decaying substance or even drink it as He is the greatest King that ever lived? 

When we look at Jesus’ miracles they are always directed to benevolent ends, “for the Son of Man did not come to destroy men’s lives, but to save them,” – Luke 9:56. It is inconceivable to believe that our Lord and Savior would produce 120 to 180 gallons of intoxicating wine when we further read that: “Wine is a mocker, strong drink a brawler, and whoever is intoxicated by it is not wise.” – Proverbs 20:1 

Another reason leading us to reject the assumption that “the good wine” produced by Christ was the fermented kind with an alcoholic content, is the negative reflection such an assumption casts upon the wisdom of the Son of God. Habakkuk 2:15 reads: “Woe to him who gives drink to his neighbors. ” 

In the Roman world of New Testament times, the best wines were those whose alcoholic potency had been removed by boiling or filtration. Pliny, for example, says that “wines are most beneficial when all their potency has been removed by the strainer.” Similarly, Plutarch points out that wine is “much more pleasant to drink” when it “neither inflames the brain nor infests the mind or passions” because its strength has been removed through frequent filtering. 

This kind of wine or pure grape juice is what Paul referred to when told Timothy to: “No longer drink water exclusively, but use a little wine for the sake of your stomach and your frequent ailments” –  1 Timothy 5:23. The reason is that grape juice has glucose in it and is beneficial for a stomach ache and other aliments, this was very well know during the New Testament era. Alcohol will damage your stomach and many other parts of your body. It will kill cells and causes cancer. Paul never recommended alcohol to Timothy. To the contrary, “an overseer must be. . . not a drinker. . .” (1 Timothy 3:2-3, a literal translation of the Bible).

The wine Christ made was of high quality, not because of its alcohol content, but because, as Henry Morris explains, it was “new wine, freshly created! It was not old, decayed wine, as it would have to be if it were intoxicating. There was no time for the fermentation process to break down the structure of its energy-giving sugars into disintegrative alcohol. It thus was a fitting representation of His glory and was appropriate to serve as the very first of His great miracles (John 2:11).” 

Ancient rabbinical teachings also indicate that drinking alcoholic beverages was forbidden to the accompaniment of musical instruments in festive occasions such as at a wedding. 

“The wine which Christ provided for the feast, and that which He gave to the disciples as a symbol of His own blood, was the pure juice of the grape, the “fruit of the vine.” To this the prophet Isaiah refers when he speaks of the new wine ‘in the cluster,’ and says, ‘Destroy it not: for a blessing is in it’. . . (Isaiah 65:8). The unfermented wine which He provided for the wedding guests was a wholesome and refreshing drink. 

The wine of the miracle must have been identical to the wine found in the grape-clusters, because this is the only wine that God produces. “There is not a hint,” writes R. A. Torrey, “that the wine Jesus Christ made was intoxicating. It was fresh-made wine. New-made wine is never intoxicating. It is not intoxicating until some time after the process of fermentation has set in. Fermentation is a process of decay. There is not an indication that our Lord produced an alcoholic drink, which is a product of decay and death. He produced a living wine uncontaminated by fermentation.” 

There was little resemblance in the wine made by Christ to the thing described in the Scripture of God as biting like a serpent and stinging like an adder (Proverbs 23:29-32). Without a doubt it was rather like the heavenly fruit of the vine that He will drink new with His own in His Father’s kingdom (Matthew 26:29). 

Let us remember that “He has made us to be a kingdom, priests to His God and Father, to Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen.” – Revelation 1:6


Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s


%d bloggers like this: